§14. Election of Speaker Pro Tempore
A House rule(13) provides for the election of a Speaker pro tem- pore when The Speaker is absent and has omitted designating a Speaker pro tempore.
This rule has been rarely in- voked. Ordinarily, The Speaker will invite the election of a Speak- er pro tempore before leaving(14)
13. Rule I clause 7, House Rules and Manual § 633 (1973).
14. See §§ 14.3–14.5, infra.
or the House will elect a Speaker pro tempore after The Speaker has already designated one.(15)
A Speaker pro tempore is elect- ed by formal resolution and the President and Senate are notified of his election.(16)
When a previously designated Speaker pro tempore is the Mem- ber who is to be elected Speaker pro tempore, he momentarily des- ignates another Speaker pro tem- pore during the election proc- ess.(17)
An elected Speaker pro tempore is more than a ‘‘stand-in’’ Speaker. Indicative of this is the require- ment that he swear a new oath upon his entering the office of Speaker pro tempore.(18)
Moreover, an elected Speaker pro tempore assumes a much greater scope of authority from The Speaker than a designated Speaker pro tempore. Being elect- ed, he does not have to have the
15. See § 14. 6, infra.
Parliamentarian’s Note: As the il-
lustrations under §14.6 indicate, normally the Member designated Speaker pro tempore by the Speaker is the person the House elects. How- ever, the House has the inherent power, and has exercised it, to elect a person other than the Member so designated. See § 14.7, infra.